Canadian Immigration 2023: Types, Process, Requirements, & Point System
What are the ways to get Canadian Immigration?
Canada is a very beautiful country regarding cultural values, economy, and diversity. The country provides the best salaries and living environment to immigrants. However, Canadian Immigration is a very different kind of immigration than other countries.
In opting for Canadian immigration, you have various options. The different immigration options for Canada are Business immigration, Quebec Immigration, and federal skilled worker programs. There are different ways, eligibility criteria, and requirements for each type of immigration are discussed below:
Requirements to Immigrate to Canada
Express Entry is a specific kind of immigration that makes you move to Canada. The main categories that include in Express Entry are as follows:
- Federal Skilled Trades Program
- Federal Skilled Workers Program
- Canadian Experience Class
- Provincial Nominee Program
Express Entry is the smartest, quickest, and easiest way to immigrate to Canada. But to achieve something big, you need major requirements in it as well. So certain things make it easier for you to immigrate to Canada via express Entry.
- Language Skills in English and French – 28 points
- Education – 25 points
- Work Experience – 15 points
- Age – 12 points
- Arranged Employment/ Job Offer from Canada – 10 points
- Adaptability – 10 points
These make up a total of 100 points. You must give a score to yourself to realize how eligible you are to apply for this special visa category. However, it is important to note that after scoring a 67 score minimum, you will be able to access this visa.
6 Main Factors that Affect Your Immigration Score for Canada
The following main factors affect your Score to a great extent, and you can score better by enhancing your capabilities.
1# Language Skills in English and French
There are two basic languages spoken in Canada. English and French. A person planning to immigrate to Canada must have fluency in any of them. It has the highest score points. It means that you can add maximum points through it. Twenty-eight points are the total points. However, 24 are the maximum points usually given. The points that are focused on include:
- CLB level
You get scores according to your abilities.
Your education level also decides your qualifying capabilities for immigration. The more educated you will be, the more you will be able to score, and the more you will have the chance to move to Canada. The total score of this section is 25 points. However, the doctorate level person gets the highest Score, i.e., 25. A Masters’s degree holder stands second. A Graduated person stands third and so on.
3# Work Experience
There is a high chance for the candidates who have worked full-time for more than a year to get Canadian Immigration easily. But it is not that simple. The more a person has worked in Canada, the more likely is his chance to get Canadian Immigration. For example, if you have done employment for 1 year, you get 9 points. And if you have worked for more than 6 years, you get 15 points.
You must be at least 18 years. People in the age group of 18-35 get the highest points, i.e., 12 points. However, as you age, your credit points gradually decrease.
5# Arranged Employment
Searching for employment is a huge task, especially when you know you are living in another country. Having arranged employment adds a beautiful flavor to your Canadian immigration possess.
Your partner, your joint spouse, or your other close family member increases your chance of Canadian Immigration. It will make your chances higher to adapt and move to another country. So it aids in your chance to get Canadian Immigration.
How Can We Improve our Immigration Score for Canada?
Now that you know how your Score is calculated, you must understand how to improve the Score. Understand the factors that define your Score and how to improve them. We can improve our Canadian Immigration score by various means which are as follows:
- Improving your language skills is a plus point in your hands and easily achievable with little effort. We know that it adds almost 28 points to your points table. So if you achieve them the highest and lack in others, it is ignorable.
- If you receive an offer of arranged employment in Canada is also one better option to improve your visa. However, you must search for the better and best options available all the time. In this way, you will be able to get support from the other side as well. It will make your Canadian Immigration easier and quickly attainable.
- Complete your degree, diploma, or certificate. Update yourself with courses that are short-term but add value to your degree. Through this, you will increase your worth.
Ways to Get Canadian Immigration
There are different ways through which you can move to other countries. But it depends on you what way you choose. Some people choose skilled immigration, spouse visa, study permit, work permit, business visas, etc.
The different ways to get Canadian Immigration are as follows:
1# Express Entry for Canada
Express Entry is also one of Canada’s fastest and most popular immigration programs. It is also called a skilled immigration program. If you have any skills, you must apply for skilled immigration. Through this, you can receive permanent residence status within six months. There are three different streams to go through express Entry:
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW);
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC); and
The Express Entry system involves submitting an online profile that you can score by Canada’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). If you submit an Express Entry profile, you must first be eligible under one of Canada’s above three federal streams. The Canadian government issues invitations to apply for permanent residence to the highest-ranking candidates in the Express Entry pool.
2# Provincial Nominee Programs
By the Provincial Nominee Programs, different provinces nominate overseas workers for Canadian permanent residence. There are numerous nominee programs that Canada’s ten provinces offer. Each Provincial Nominee Program has unique eligibility criteria and may require some connection to the province. Every province and territory of Canada, except Quebec and Nunavut, operates its PNP program. They have different streams in them as well. There are more than 80 different provincial nominee programs that Canada offers. However, the main Provinces offering Provincial Nominee Programs are as follows:
- Prince Edward Island
- British Columbia
Some other programs also invite overseas candidates through their ability to respond to the province’s labor market needs. Each Provincial Nominee Program has a different application processing time. After you receive a nomination, you must apply to the federal government for Canadian permanent residence. The time of processing it also differs. But most likely, it happens within 6 months.
3# Business Immigration
Business immigration makes you travel and live in Canada, where you aspire to settle your business. It makes it easier for you to manage your business and enjoy foreign immigration. Business immigration programs typically require a handsome income for investment in the company where you intend to start your business in Canada. The amount required depends on the program in which you are interested. There are many Provincial Nominee Programs that have regional entrepreneur programs. They require a relatively lower investment for candidates interested in starting a business in a less populated area. To move your business to Canada, you need at least $200,000.
4# Quebec Business Immigration
Quebec offers various immigrants towards their Investor, Self Employed, and Entrepreneur Immigration Programs. Quebec’s business immigration programs are the most suitable for potential newcomers. They are devised to provide economic growth and create job opportunities.
5# Federal Business Immigration Programs
Federal Business Immigration Program is a program that is suitable for business people who have skills and experience. They can settle in any province of Canada except Quebec.
6# Sponsorships for Canadian Immigration
If you have a family member who is a permanent resident or a citizen of Canada, you have a huge opportunity to get Canadian Immigration through them. Family sponsorship is the easiest way among all other options to immigrate to Canada.
The Canadian government offers several immigration programs. They can give you permanent residency and citizenship and the chance to bring your family members too to the country.
If your child, grandchild, or spouse is a permanent resident or citizen of Canada, you may be eligible for family sponsorship.
If you aspire to settle in Quebec, you have to pay extra. The processing time for a sponsorship application depends upon the family member sponsoring you. For spousal sponsorship, applications typically take about 12 months to process from start to finish. At the same time, other sponsorships can require more time.
Canadian Immigration Programs:
Canada offers various programs through which you can apply for Canadian Immigration. These are as follows.
1# Economic and Business Immigration Options
Economic and business immigration options are for professional people. These individuals transfer their skills and support the Canadian economy. In this way, they develop the economy of Canada. If you want to do Economic and Business Immigration, you can apply through the following immigration options. Each program differs greatly in the qualifications required. So for this, no one-size-fits-all description.
Economic and business immigration categories include:
- Provincial Nominee Programs
- Express Entry
- Quebec Immigration
- Investor Programs
- Entrepreneur and Self-Employed Programs
- Other federal classes of immigration like the Caregivers Program, the Atlantic Immigration Pilot, the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot, and the Agri-Food Pilot are also options under the umbrella of economic immigration to Canada.
2# Family Sponsorship Programs for Canada
Family sponsorship is also one of the vast categories of immigration available for the close family members of Canadian citizens and permanent residents.
Family members who are eligible to sponsor are:
- Spouse or common-law/conjugal partner
- Dependent child (adopted or biological)
- Parents and grandparents
I hold a master of science degree and a diploma in medical Technology & Services. I have working experience in national and international organizations like ICDDRB, UNHCR, WHO, etc. My IELTS Score was 4.5. Can I apply for a job in Canada?
I’m afraid to tell you that you would need to re-appear in the IELTS exam. The least possible IELTS band score requirement for Canadian Work VISA is 6.0.